State of Iowa v. Michael Triplett

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IN THE COURT OF APPEALS OF IOWA No. 19-1902 Filed July 21, 2021 STATE OF IOWA, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. MICHAEL TRIPLETT, Defendant-Appellant. ________________________________________________________________ Appeal from the Iowa District Court for Polk County, William P. Kelly, Judge. The defendant challenges the sufficiency of the evidence to support his conviction. AFFIRMED. Jesse A. Macro Jr. of Macro & Kozlowski, LLP, West Des Moines, for appellant. Thomas J. Miller, Attorney General, and Genevieve Reinkoester, Assistant Attorney General, for appellee. Considered by Mullins, P.J., Schumacher, J., and Potterfield, S.J.* *Senior judge assigned by order pursuant to Iowa Code section 602.9206 (2021). 2 POTTERFIELD, Senior Judge. Michael Triplett was charged with having dominion or control of a firearm as a convicted felon. See Iowa Code § 724.26(1) (2018). At his September 2019 trial, the jury was instructed it could find Triplett guilty if the State proved the following: 1. On or about September 30, 2018, [Triplett] knowingly, or someone he aided or abetted knowingly, had under his dominion and control, a firearm. 2. [Triplett] or someone he aided and abetted was previously convicted of a felony. In a general verdict, the jury found Triplett guilty. On appeal, Triplett challenges the sufficiency of the evidence supporting his conviction. But Triplett only challenges the sufficiency of the evidence proving he had a firearm in his dominion or control; he does not challenge whether there was substantial evidence he aided and abetted a felon in possessing a firearm. Effective July 1, 2019, [w]hen the prosecution relies on multiple or alternative theories to prove the commission of a public offense, a jury may return a general verdict. If the jury returns a general verdict, an appellate court shall not set aside or reverse such a verdict on the basis of a defective or insufficient theory if one or more of the theories presented and described in the complaint, information, indictment, or jury instruction is sufficient to sustain the verdict on at least one count. Iowa Code § 814.28 (Supp. 2019) (emphasis added). In other words, we are required to affirm if at least one of the alternatives presented to the jury is supported by substantial evidence.1 See id.; see also State v. Klawonn, 609 1Section 814.28 applies to Triplett’s case; his entire trial took place after the law went into effect, and judgment was not entered against him until November 2019. See State v. Greening, No. 19-1822, 2021 WL 2708940, at *2 n.3 (Iowa Ct. App. June 30, 2021); State v. Lee, No. 19-1585, 2020 WL 5944453, at *1 n.1 (Iowa Ct. 3 N.W.2d 515, 522 (Iowa 2000) (providing that the legislature’s use of “shall” in a statute “create[s] a mandatory duty, not discretion”). And Triplett does not challenge whether substantial evidence supports the “aiding and abetting” alternative, so he waived that argument.2 See State v. Adney, 639 N.W.2d 246, 250 (Iowa Ct. App. 2001) (“When a party, in an appellate brief, fails to state, argue, or cite to authority in support of an issue, the issue may be deemed …

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